Fasting on the Day of Arafah Before Eid Al Adha
The day of ‘Arafah is the ninth day of Zulhijjah. He is the best day of the year because the Prophet s.a.w. said; “There is no day when God frees his servant on that day from hell from ‘Arafah’ (Muslim Imam’s).
As for circumcised fasting on that day, the argument is; hadith from Abu Qatadah r.a. that tells; Prophet s.a.w. asked about the fast of ‘Arafah day. Your Majesty said; “(Fasting that day) can wash away the sins of the past year and the future” (Muslim Imam’s History).
The virtue of’Arafah Day
Arafat Day is a day that has its own advantages. If the pilgrims are required to be in the Arafa field for the wuquf there, we who have no chance to perform the pilgrimage are recommended to fast on this day. His arrival once a year should not be wasted. We are also encouraged to remembrance and pray to God today. Here we have some hadiths for our reflection together.
As for the fadhilah or the virtue of fasting on the day of Arafat 9 Dzulhijjah based on the following hadith:
صوم يوم عرفة يكفر سنتين ماضية ومستقبلة وصوم عاشوراء يكفر سنة ماضية
The fast of the day of Arafat atoned for sin a year ago and a year to come and the fast of Ashura (10 Muharram) atoned for a year passed. (HR Ahmad, Muslim and Abu Daud from Abi Qotadah)
Rather than Abi Qatadah al-Ansari that the Messenger of Allah has been asked about the fast of the day of Arafat? then replied Rasulullah S.A.W which means: Dikaffarah (forgiveness of sins) a year ago and a year will come.
Moreover, indeed on the days of the tenth of the month Dhul-Hijjah are special days to observe worship like fasting. Abnu Abbas RA narrated Rasulullah SAW said:
ما من أيام العمل الصالح فيها أحب إلى الله من هذه الأيام يعني أيام العشر قالوا: يا رسول الله! ولا الجهاد في سبيل الله? قال: ولا الجهاد في سبيل الله إلا رجل خرج بنفسه وماله فلم يرجع من ذلك شيء
Narrated Rasulullah SAW said: There is no action that is preferred by Allah SWT, than good deeds done in the first ten days in the month of Dhul-Hijjah. The Companions asked: O Messenger of Allah, even though jihad is in the way of Allah? The Messenger of Allah said: Although jihad is in the way of Allah except a man who comes out with himself and his property, then does not return forever or become a martyr. (Bukhari)
Fasting Arafah and Tarwiyah is highly recommended for those who do not perform the pilgrimage in the holy land. The technical implementation is similar to Ramadan fasting.
For Muslims who have fasted fasting Ramadan is also recommended to work on this day of Arafah, or other days that are desirable to fast. Then he will get two rewards at once, the reward of fasting obligatory (qadha fasting Ramadan) and the reward of fasting sunnah. :
يعلم أن الأفضل لمريد التطوع أن ينوي الواجب إن كان عليه وإلا فالتطوع ليحصل له ما عليه
It is known that for those who want to intend to fast the sunnah, it is better that he also intends to fast the obligatory if indeed he has fast dependent, but if he does not have dependents (or if he doubts whether he has dependents or not) he is quite intent on sunnah fasting , then he will get what he intended.
Fasting Arafah Sunah for those who do not perform Hajj
The fast of ‘Arafah is the fasting of circumcision on the ninth day of Dhu al-Hijjah which is circumcised for those who do not perform the pilgrimage. The advantage of fasting today is that it can take away the sins of the past year and the sin of a year to come, as the hadith has been narrated from Abu Qatadah al-Ansari ra:
And Rasulullah SAW asked about fasting on ‘Arafah day. So the king said: “He atoned for a year ago and a year to come.” (Hadith Imam Muslim’s History)
Whereas for those who perform the pilgrimage it is also circumcised not to fast on’Arafah day and is to violate the main case if they also fast on that day based on what is narrated from Umm al-Fadhl bint al-Harith:
Crowded among the companions of the Prophet who hesitated about fasting on’Arafah day while we were there with Rasulullah SAW, then I brought to Baginda a trace of milk when you are in’Arafah then you drink it. (Hadith Muslim Priest’s History)
Also than the hadith narrated from Abu Hurairah ra: Verily Rasulullah SAW forbade fasting on ‘Arafah Day for those who are in’Arafah. (Hadith’s Report of Abu Dawud and an-Nasa’ie; at-Thabrani of Aisha rha) [al-Imam as-Syaf’ie rh argues; “Being circumcised on the day of ‘Arafah bg those who do not perform the pilgrimage. As for the bg who did the pilgrimage, it is better for him to break his fast to pray in ‘Arafah. “From the opinion of Imam Ahmad rh also; “If he is able to fast then he may fast, but if he does not break his fast, it is the day that ‘Arafah needs strength (power).” Likewise with other companions, more busy who tend not to fast on’ Arafah when doing pilgrimage ]
Being circumcised also fasted on the 8th day of Dhu al-Hijjah in addition to fasting on the day of ‘Arafat (9 Dhul-Hijjah) as a cautious step which is possible on the 8th day of Dhul-Hijjah is the 9th day of Dhu al-Hijjah (Day’ Arafah). In fact it is circumcised fasting for eight days, from the first day of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah to the same day as there are those who perform the pilgrimage or do not perform the pilgrimage, together with the day of’Arafah.
Narrated from Ibn Abbas: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: “No good deed is done on other days which are preferred over these days (the first ten days of Dhu al-Hijjah).” (Hadith Historian al-Bukhari)
In another hadith narrated from Hunaidah bin Khalid, from his wife, from several wives of Prophet SAW: Indeed the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) performed a nine-day fast at the beginning of the month of Dhul-Hijjah, on the day of ‘Ashura and three days in each month ie the first and the first two days The next khamis. (Hadith History of Imam Ahmad and an-Nasa’ie)
The fasting on the day of Aidiladha (10 Dhu al-Hijjah) and the tasyrik days (11, 12 and 13 Dhul-Hijjah) is forbidden based on the narrated hadith of Umar:
Bahawasanya Rasulullah SAW forbade fasting on two days, namely ‘Eid al-Adha and’ Eid al-Fitr. (Hadith Imam Muslim, Ahmad, an-Nasa’ie, Abu Dawud)
As well as the hadith narrated from Abu Hurairah ra: Rasulullah SAW has sent Abdullah Ibn Huzhaqah to announce in Mina: “You are forbidden to fast in these days (tasyrik day). He is the day to eat and drink and remember Allah. “(The Hadith of Imam Ahmad, hasan’s sanadnya) [Syafi’iyyah scholars justify fasting on a tasyrik day only for certain circumstances such as swearing, fasting qadha in the month of Ramadan and fasting kifarah (fine) . Fasting for no particular reason in these days (fasting circumcision) is prevented.]