Understanding Poems, Features, Types, Elements & Structure
Understanding Poems, Characteristics, Types, Elements and Structure | General, Understanding Poetry is a form of literary works from the expressions and feelings of the poet with language that tied rhythm, dimension, rhymes, lyrics and temple preparation, as well as full of meaning. Poetry expresses the poet’s thoughts and feelings imaginatively and composed by concentrating the power of language with its physical structure and inner structure. Poetry prioritizes sounds, shapes and also meanings to be conveyed which meanings as evidence of good poetry if there is deep meaning by compressing all elements of language. Poetry is a written art using language as its aesthetic quality (beauty). Poetry is divided into two old poems and also new poetry.
Understanding Poems According to Experts
Herman Waluyo: Understanding poetry according to herman waluyo is the earliest written literary written by humans.
- Sumardi: The definition of poetry by sumardi is a literary work with a compacted, shortened, and rhythmic language with a coherent sound and the choice of the word kias (imaginative).
- Thomas Carlye: Understanding poetry by thomas carley is a musical expression of mind.
- James Reevas: The meaning of poetry by James Reevas that the meaning of poetry is the expression of rich and fascinating language.
- Pradopo: The meaning of poetry is an important recording and interpretation of human experience, transformed in the most memorable form.
- Herbert Spencer: Understanding poetry is a form of emotional pronunciation by considering beauty.
The elements of poetry consist of the physical structure and inner structure of poetry among others as follows …
- Physical Structure of Poetry
- Appearance of Poetry (Typography), is a form of poetry such as pages that are not filled with words, the right-left edge, setting the row, until the line of poetry that does not always begin with a capital letter and end with a colon. It determines the meaning of poetry.
- Diction is a view of words performed by the poet in his poetry. Because poetry is a form of literary works that few words can express a lot, things then words should be chosen as carefully as possible. The choice of words in poetry is closely related to meaning, sound alignment, and word order.
- An image, a word or wording that expresses sensory experiences, such as sight, hearing, and feeling. The imagery is divided into three, namely sound image (auditif), visual image (visual), and touch or touch image (tactile image). The imagery causes the reader to see, hear, and feel what the poet is experiencing.
- Concrete words, is a word that allows the emergence of images because it can be caught senses in which the word is associated with figures or symbols. Like the concrete word “snow” which symbolizes the frost of love, the void of life, etc., while the concrete word “swamp” symbolizes the filth, the place of life, the earth, life etc.
- Language Style, is the use of language by animating or enhancing effects and causing certain connotations with figurative language that causes poetry to be prismatic, meaning it exudes a lot of meaning or rich meaning. The language style is called the majas. Various figure of speech that is a metaphor, simile, personification, litotes, irony, sinekdoke, euphemism, repetition, anaphora, redundancy, antithesis, allusion, climax, anti-climax, satire, pars pro toto, totem pro parte, to the paradox
- Rima / Rhythm is the equation of the sound of poetry in the beginning, middle, and end of the line of poetry. Rima includes: Onomatopoeia (an imitation of sounds like / ng / which gives the magical effect of staudji poem C. B); The shape of the internal pattern of sounds (alliteration, assonance, the similarities end, the original equation, rhyme later, rhyme beaked, rhyme full, repetition sounds (words), and so on; The repetition of the word / phrase Ritma a low height, short length, hard weak sound. Rima Very prominent in the reading of poetry.
Inner Structure of Poetry
- Theme / Meaning (sense); Media pusi is the language. The language of speech is a sign with meaning, then the pusi must have meaning in the words, lines, stanzas, and overall meanings.
- Feeling (Feeling) is the poet’s attitude on the subject matter contained in his poetry. Disclosure of closely related themes and flavors will social background and psychology of poets, such as educational background, religion, gender, social class, status in society, age, sociological and psychological experience, and knowledge. Depth disclosure and determination in addressing the theme of a problem does not depend on the ability of the poet memili words, rhyme, style and form of poetry, but also of insight, knowledge, experience, and personality are shaped by the sociological and psychological background.
- Tone (tone) is a poet’s attitude there are readers. Tone related to theme and taste. The poet can convey the theme either in a patronizing tone, dictate, cooperate with the reader in problem solving, turn the matter over to the reader, with a pompous tone, assume foolish and low reader, etc.
- The intention is the message the poet will convey to the reader contained in the poem.
Old Poetry and New Poetry
1. Old Poetry
- Understanding old poetry is a poem that is still bound by the rules are as follows ..
- Number of words in 1 line
- Number of rows in 1 stanza
- Taxation (rhyme)
- Many syllables in each line
2. Characteristics of Old Poetry
- Unknown name of author.
- The delivery of word of mouth, so it is an oral literature.
- Strongly bound to rules such as the number of lines of each stanza, the number of syllables or rhymes.
3. Types of Old Poetry
A. Mantra are utterances that are deemed to possess gaip power.
Example Mantra: a spell to treat people from the influence of spirits
The magic of palm kernel
Located at the end of the earth
Satan blind gulf blind
I do not say anything
B. Pantun is a poem characterized by a-b-a-b, which each stanza consists of 4 lines, and in tipa row consists of 8-12 syllables, 2 initial lines as sampiran, while for the next 2 lines as contents. The distribution of rhymes according to their contents consists of pantun anak, muda-mudi, agama / saran, puzzle, witty.
Examples of Pantun
It is a beautiful golden gem
More elegant diamond baiduri
Really nice language